usb mixer + 4 xlr microphones into laptop, with tascam dr60 mkii for BACKUP RECORDING
The above photo shows my setup in a conference room where we recorded an episode just once a month. This isn't your typical portable setup, however, the mixer was small enough to fit in a backpack along with my laptop, four microphones, four XLR cables AND my Tascam DR60 that I used as backup for recording.
Here's how this setup works.
I use four Senneheiser e835 XLR Dynamic Microphones for vocals, plugging them into channels one through four via male to female XLR cables. From the mixer USB output I run a cable into my laptop. In Adobe Audition, I've selected the ZEDi10 as the audio input source via my preferences panel. Each track, one through four in the DAW is armed to record using each channel number one the mixer as the track number in the DAW.
From the ZEDi10 mixer, I've run the AUX 1/4" output into my Tascam DR60 input 1, and record the entire board mix into one track on the Tascam's SD card, just as a backup, in case something goes wrong, which is never out of the question.
I plugged a pair of headphones into the headphone jack on the mixer to check levels for each channel, while also watching the decibel meter inside of Adobe Audition to make sure vocals are clipping in the red zone, causing distortion. I usually shoot for vocals peaking between -3 and -9 decibels.
The Allen & Heath ZEDi10 USB Mixer is a powerful mixer for the beginning podcast who is looking to have more than one person at the podcast table, and is also using a computer to record their audio. It also has on-board EQ which is really helpful. In total, there's a headphone out, main outs, monitor outs, AUX out and FX out, so it has multiple analog options for outputs. You could even run headphones out of those jacks, if needed.
Below is audio from an episode we recorded using this very setup.
As always, feel free to reach out via email at PodcastGearForBeginners@gmail.com with any questions or comments. Thanks!
USB Interface/Mixers VS. Digital Recorders
One of the main differences between these two devices is how they actually reocrd audio.
USB Interface/Mixer - Plugs into your computer w/ a USB cable, connect to your DAW (digital audio workstation), such as Audacity, Garageband, Adobe Audition, and record onto your hard drive. Digital Recorder - Typically Records to SD Card in the Recorder.
Digital Recorders - MOBILE/PORTABLE USB Interface/Mixers - Not always as portable Outputs/Monitoring Digital Recorders - Typically one or two kinds of outputs: Headphone Jack, Auxiliary Jack Mixers - Multiple Outputs, good for live situations, livestreaming, monitoring, etc.
Rode Podmic: https://amzn.to/2ViTfN7
Rode Procaster: https://amzn.to/2B1hLM7
Sennheiser e835: https://amzn.to/2Nv27eq
Tascam DR60D: https://amzn.to/2ZoqobN
Zoom H1: https://amzn.to/31hatyn
Zoom H6: https://amzn.to/3hVMACi
Alesis Multimix: https://amzn.to/2A3jpw2
Presonus Interface: https://amzn.to/3i4CrDh
To this point, I'd not yet written about my own podcasting setup. Now is the time!
I'm part of a Christian Podcast called the Salty Dogs Podcast. We have 3 hosts and an additional seat at the table for any guests that we bring on, in person.
Our setup also allows us to Zoom in a guest if we need to, although we prefer in person more than anything. While recording, we go live to Facebook.
Here's a basic list of gear that we use:
The idea is this: we run 4 XLR Dynamic microphones into the Zoom L12 USB Mixer. The mixer allows us to send four headphone mixes, one to each person at the table. We run the main mix out from the soundboard into the DBX 266xs Compressor, which then runs into our livestream camera feed. We set up the Canon 5D Mark IV for video, and that runs HDMI out into the Epiphan WebCaster X2 Livestream device, where we go live to our podcast's Facebook page.
We're able to record all of our audio onto individual tracks onto an SD card w/ the Zoom L12 Livetrack Mixer. The great thing about livestreaming our recording is that Facebook will keep the video on our podcast page, and if for some reason we need it, the audio will always be on Facebook, even if we delete the files from our SD card or our computer later on.
The Canon 5D Mark IV has a recording time limit of 29 minutes, so we do not record the video onto the camera, unfortunately. The remedy for this would be to record onto an Atomos Ninja V external monitor / recorder, but that's around a $1,000 solution for high quality video. We'll pass for now.
Below is a sample of our podcast audio, along with an embed of our Facebook Live video recording. As always, feel free to email with any questions regarding podcast gear for beginners! It's my pleasure to help.
Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit our world, people have scrambled to be able to continue meeting, teaching, lecturing, and presenting online. Many online retailers ran out of webcams and video capture cards due to people setting up home-broadcasting situations in their living rooms, bedrooms, basements, closets, garages and anywhere else they could fit a computer and a camera. It's been cool to see how people are accomplishing this and the creativity going into their setups.
The image above shows my personal setup for presenting online via Zoom. I'm a podcaster and videographer, so all of this setup was pieced together by gear I'd already purchased, it was simply a matter of arranging it all to work for the Zoom platform. The technical side of this setup is the same for any scenario and doesn't necessarily require the exact gear pictured.
When putting together the above setup, I did three things to improve my presentation, and they're things you can do too that'll help your online presentation quality.
1) Upgrade your webcam.
Here's the idea - in Zoom, you can choose your camera and your audio source in the Zoom preferences menu. If you have a laptop with a built-in camera, Zoom will default to that camera. This is how many will use Zoom, and the camera quality usually isn't that great and most likely doesn't do so well in low light scenarios.
The Audio Technica ATR2100x USB mic is a great, $100 solution. Audio Technica also makes a $79 USB microphone if you need to stick to a slimmer budget. In the image above, I've used a Rode Podmic XLR microphone connected to the Alesis MultiMix 4 USB interface for my audio source. It's a more expensive setup, but allows more opportunity for external audio sources like music and sound effects, not always used in Zoom presentations but available if needed.
3) Add a brighter light source.
If you search "LED Camera Light" on Amazon.com you'll get many options for budget lights that will no doubt help the sharpness and quality of your image on the screen. Most of these lights are battery-powered, so looking for one with a power adapter would be beneficial so it doesn't turn off in the middle of your presentation if the battery runs low.
One more trick of the trade, don't sit with a window behind you. As a matter of fact, if you sit with the window facing you, it'll double as a natural light source if you're presenting in the daytime. With the natural lighting and the LED light pointed toward your face, you're bound to have a great light source to help the video quality of your presentation.
If you have any questions about this setup or any other audio or video topics, don't hesitate to email me at PodcastGearForBeginners@Gmail..com.
A friend in Kansas City recently reached to me out about helping him come up with a 3 person podcast set up with the ability to record video and livestream. Luckily, I've worked with multiple livestream and podcasting setups, so I already knew what I'd suggest. It's an easy thing to achieve with the right equipment and proper budget. But those two factors right there are the most important pieces of information to have when considering what to purchase. Budget and purpose.
It's super important to consider budget right up front. Most people are looking for cheap and good, but that's not always a reasonable way to approach video and audio gear. In the audio and video world, you really do get what you pay for. I often advise people with small budgets to consider fundraising or saving longer to buy quality gear right out of the gate.
You'll often hear "buy this cheapo mic and mixer and just get started!" which is a fair sentiment, but it's not always practical. More often than not, people who take this approach end up upgrading equipment down the road and can't sell the cheapo stuff or get their money back. Think about what you're willing to invest in your project and dreams, and go from there. Then research what gear actually fits your budget. It helps me tremendously when putting together recording packages for people. Usually when I suggest gear without a budget number, people think it's too much. If I'm told a ballpark, I can fit the suggestion within that range and everyone is happy.
Once budget is established, the next most important factor in considering what to buy is functionality. What are you trying to accomplish with your setup? Are you a solo podcaster? Are you going to have 2, 3, 4 or more people in person on your show? Will you have people as remote guests through Zoom or Skype? All of these questions help to understand what kind of gear is needed to achieve your goals. When it comes to what kind of gear you need, it always depends on what you're trying to achieve. This situation was calling for recording quality audio with multiple guests and hosts, a video camera to record video at the same time sending a livestream to social media.
MY PROPOSED PACKAGE
Since my friend would have up to three people in person in his home recording basement studio, I knew right away he'd need a mixer capable of handling multiple XLR inputs for microphones. With the added desire to livestream and record video, I knew the Zoom L8 USB mixer with be a great option. This mixer allows for up to 6 XLR inputs, has multiple headphone jacks so everyone can monitor using a nice pair of budget headphones, record to an on board SD card AND send the main mix into the Canon XA11 video camera.
I suggested purchasing three pack of Sennheiser e835 XLR Dyanmic microphones with boom arms and windscreens to help with pops and breath puffs.
The feed from the board goes to the camera and the HDMI signal runs to the AV.IO HD HDMI encoder. Using a program called OBS (Open Broadcasting Software) on his Mac laptop, he'll be able to send the video and audio from the mixer to a livestream where OBS can send feeds. I believe he'll be streaming to Facebook LIVE. Viola! Podcasting and streaming setup for around $2,700. He'll be up and running in no time.
3 person podcast setup with livestream & video recording
SEE THE SETUP IN ACtION!
When starting a podcast, the most important piece of gear that you'll be using is the microphone.
It seems like an obvious statement, but the kind of microphone you purchase will determine the quality of sound. It's said that people will tolerate poor video over poor audio, so since podcasting is typically only audio, this is a very important part of the equation.
You must be careful to choose the proper microphone type when making your purchase. Sometimes the price tag is the determining factor, so people buy a microphone and very quickly realize it's not what they thought it would be in quality and sound.
The majority of podcasts are recorded using a "dynamic" microphone, as opposed to "condenser" microphone, but there are shows that utilize condenser mics.
So what's the difference?
There are certainly technical differences in the way the microphones are constructed and how they work, but we'll skip all of the "techy" jargon and get to the point.
In conclusion, while there are certainly multiple applications for each type of microphone, dynamic microphones tend to be the best options for beginners looking to set up in an extra room, a garage, a closet, or some other space that isn't a sound-treated studio space. Condenser microphones will be best for solo podcasters who can afford to sound treat their recording space.
AUTHOR: jason villanueva
Jason is cohost of the Salty Dogs Christian Podcast. He enjoys podcasting, video-production, web-design, blogging, the keto way of life, working out, and smoking all the meats.
Let me make the case for when to use an XLR microphone. When suggesting podcast setups, I'll always point to an XLR setup. Here's why.
QUALITY & QUANTITY
First of all, an XLR microphone is a mic that uses an XLR connection. XLR stands for: X connector, Locking Connector, Rubber Boot. But most importantly, XLR is the industry standard for high-quality audio inputs. You'll also find that there's a much bigger pool of options for XLR microphones as opposed to USB mics. Most quality XLR mics will be in the $100 range, with budget mics as low as $48, and high quality mics all the way up to $600 plus. However, a $100 microphone is going to be great in quality. Listen to the $99 Rode PodMic on episode one of our podcast, and the $100 Sennheiser e835 on episode four of our podcast.
PORTABILITY & DURABILITY
You'll find that most XLR microphones are very portable, in that they can easily fit in a backpack or a laptop bag. I used to carry around a small backpack with 4 Sennheiser e835 mics, 4 XLR cables and an audio interface. That made for portability and quick setup when going on-location to record an episode. The build on most XLR mics is solid as well, utilizing metal for the mic housing and not that you should drop your mics, but they often hold up well after having been dropped.
If you're a solo podcaster, then a USB mic could work well for you as a simple plug and play solution. However, if you're looking to add more hosts or guests to your show, in person, then an XLR microphone allows for scalability for your show. This is because when using an XLR mic, you'll need an audio interface, digital recorder or a mixer in order to use your mic to record audio onto your computer or onto an SD card. Many of these devices are available with multiple inputs, and more inputs means more mics, and that means more people on your show, if that's your goal. It is possible to connect multiple USB mics to your computer, however, it is a rare case to find podcast setups like this. Go for XLR.
When searching the interwebs for microphones for your podcats, you'll find primarily two kinds of microphones: USB and XLR microphones. It's not so important to understand what the letters in these names mean as much how each mic functions and which one you should use for your individual scenario. Here's the breakdown: